June 30, 2023

Admiralty Law/Jones Act Damages: A Comprehensive Guide by St. Mary Parish Maritime Attorney


As a St. Mary Parish Maritime Attorney, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the Jones Act and Admiralty laws. These protect maritime workers, providing them with the right to claim compensation for injuries incurred while at sea. This article aims to provide a detailed exploration of the Jones Act, how to prove damages, pain and suffering damages, the collection of these damages, and making a case for your pain and suffering.

Understanding the Jones Act

Maritime workers are uniquely protected under the Jones Act, a federal law that safeguards seamen injured on the job. Unlike land-based employees who can seek workers’ compensation benefits, seamen have to prove employer negligence to claim damages under the Jones Act. If successful, they can recover a wide range of damages, including medical bills, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

Eligibility for Jones Act Protection

To qualify as a “seaman” under the Jones Act, an individual must contribute significantly to a vessel’s function, typically spending at least 30% of their working hours on navigable waters. The vessel must be in navigation, meaning it is afloat, operational, and capable of moving. This qualification includes a broad spectrum of professions such as fishermen, cooks, deckhands, engineers, and captains. However, office workers who occasionally visit a vessel may not qualify as Jones Act seamen.

Proving Negligence and Causation Under the Jones Act

To establish a claim under the Jones Act, an injured seaman must demonstrate that their employer or another employee was negligent, leading to their injuries. The maritime employer has a duty to maintain a safe work environment for the seamen. Violation of this duty, leading to unsafe conditions, constitutes negligence.

Types of Negligence Covered Under the Jones Act

Common examples of negligence include:

  • Failure to provide proper safety training
  • Neglecting regular equipment check-ups
  • Ignoring malfunctioning equipment repairs
  • Not supplying the necessary safety gear
  • Lack of warning signs in hazardous areas
  • Not ensuring non-skid surfaces on vessel decks
  • Providing an unseaworthy vessel

Damages Under the Jones Act

Once negligence is proven, the injured seaman can claim various forms of damages under the Jones Act. These include loss of earnings, medical expenses, and pain and suffering. In some instances, punitive damages may also apply.

Loss of Earnings

This form of compensation covers present earnings lost due to the injury, as well as future earning capacity, including potential pay raises and occupational advancements. It also accounts for benefits such as vacation time, 401K, and pensions.

Medical Expenses

The Jones Act covers present and anticipated future medical expenses. This includes costs for exams, medication, physical therapy, rehabilitation, specialized equipment, surgery, counseling, and mental health treatment.

Pain and Suffering

Pain and suffering under the Jones Act include both physical pain and mental anguish. The compensation amount for this is determined by factors such as the severity of injuries, physical pain involved, and the extent of mental anguish caused by the injury.

Punitive Damages

In some cases, seamen may be eligible for punitive damages if employers are found to have willfully and recklessly disregarded their duty in providing a seaworthy vessel. This requires proof of a knowing and reckless disregard for employee safety.

Making a Case for Pain and Suffering

Pain and suffering claim is a significant aspect of a Jones Act case. The emotional and psychological toll of an injury can be overwhelming and impact a person’s quality of life significantly.

When making a case for your pain and suffering, you want to provide as much evidence as possible. This can include medical records, photographs, personal journals documenting your daily pain, statements from friends and family, and expert testimony from mental health professionals.

Collecting Damages

Once damages are awarded under the Jones Act, the process of collecting begins. This can sometimes be a complex process, as it may involve dealing with insurance companies or legal teams from the employer’s side.

As a St. Mary Parish Jones Act Attorney, we are skilled in handling such matters, ensuring that our clients receive the compensation they rightfully deserve.

Seeking Legal Advice

If you have been injured while working at sea, it’s critical to understand your legal rights. Contact us at Cueria Law Firm, LLC, a personal injury law firm in New Orleans, for a free consultation. Our team of experienced attorneys will guide you through the process, ensuring that you receive the compensation you deserve.


Understanding the Jones Act and how to claim damages under it is crucial for maritime workers. As a St. Mary Parish Maritime Attorney, we at Cueria Law Firm, LLC are dedicated to providing our clients with the best possible legal representation. Whether it’s proving negligence, claiming damages, or making a case for your pain and suffering, we will walk with you every step of the way.


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